Copyright © 1998-2008 Institute of Linguistics (Russian Academy of Sciences) & Kazuto Matsumura (Univ. of Tokyo)

Indigenous Minority Languages of Russia

Abaza: Bibliographical guide


About the Abaza language

Abaza belongs to the Abkhaz-Adygian group of the Caucasian language family, Abkhaz-Abaza subgroup.

Among all cognate languages Abkhazian is the closest to Abaza.

Where the speakers live

In Russia most of Abasins live in Karachay-Cherkessia — in 15 auls (settlements), located along the rivers Kuban, Bolshoi Zelenchuk, Malyi Zelenchuk and Kuma: auls Abasakt (former Gabakvej), Abasa-Khabl, Apsua (former Chagarej), Kajdan, Krasnyj Vostok (former Gvym Lokt), Kubina, Indzhik Chikun (former Indzhik Lokt), Novo-Kuvinskij, Psauchie Dakhe (former Klycht), Psyzh (former Darykvakt), Staro-Kuvinskij (former Khvyzhvdu), Tapanta, Elburgan (former Bibarkyt).

Nowadays about 15 000 Abasins live in Turkey. Besides, they live in some Levant and Balkan countries. General strength of Abasins all over the world, according to the approximate estimations, varies from 50000 to 100000. Most of the Abasin emigrants left their native territory after the Caucasian War in the 19th century.

According to the opinion of specialists ancestors of Abasins lived in the Transcaucasian region and both Abasins and Abkhazians had been a common ethnic group till the 8th-12th centuries. At that time proto-Abasins left the Transcaucasian region and began moving to the North (Tapantas were the first to migrate and Ashkharuas followed them); they occupied the territory of their present-day living in the 17th-19th centuries.

TEACHING MATERIALS

BASIC DESCRIPTIVE STUDIES

Grammars
Lexica
Dialects
Dictionaries
Texts

BASIC SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDIES


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