AJC2003 Proceedings


4th Anglo-Japanese Conference of Historians

State and Empire in British History

10~12 September 2003

Kyoto International Community House

State and Empire in British History: Proceedings of the Fourth Anglo-Japanese Conference of Historians, ed. Kazuhiko Kondo (Tokyo, 2003), vi + 250 pp.

The fourth Anglo-Japanese Conference of Historians (AJC) was held 10-12 September 2003 at the International Community House in the beautiful surroundings of historic Kyoto. The Proceedings were edited and published within several weeks after the conference. The papers in the Proceedings are fully footnoted and incorporate some revisions and additions as made necessary by discussions at the conference.


The following pages contain the proceedings of the fourth Anglo-Japanese Conference of Historians (AJC) held 10-12 September 2003 at the International Community House in the beautiful surroundings of historic Kyoto.

The AJC was conceived by Professor Patrick OfBrien and Professor James Ugawa in the early 1990s as mentioned in the introductory addresses. The first conference took place at the Institute of Historical Research, London, in September 1994, under a general theme, Japanese Perceptions of British History, 1066 to Date. More than ninety historians participated, and it proved to be a great success. Since then the AJC has become an important triennial occasion held alternately in the two countries on either side of the Eurasian Continent: the second in Tokyo in 1997, the third in London in 2000.

The history of the AJC has not been without some difficulties: geographical distance, finance, language and perhaps culture. But the cooperation of good British friends facilitated preparations for the fourth AJC, and the Japanese organizing committee was confident of bright prospects for the conference by the time the programme had been decided. It followed the tradition of holding several plenary sessions ranging from the medieval period to the twentieth century, and took State and Empire in British History as a general theme. The theme was not imposed from above at the start but it emerged as a spontaneous crystallization from various ideas and discussions for the sessions.

Six plenary sessions were organized with eight keynote speakers, all invited from the UK. Each keynote paper was matched with a few shorter papers or commentaries by Japanese historians, before discussion was opened to the floor. Each session was steered with wisdom by a chairperson each of whom is a member of the organizing committee. The conference began on Wednesday morning, 10th September with the opening addresses of two distinguished historians, one from each country: OfBrien san, the founding father of this international conference, a former director of the Institute of Historical Research in London and now professor of Global History at LSE, and Kawakita san, vice-president of Osaka University. But before they were introduced, a silent prayer was offered for Professor Toshio Sakata of Keio University. Sakata san was an outstanding historian of early modern English towns and was among the organizing committee of the AJC from its birth in 1994 until his tragic death in October 2002.

The Conference followed the programme as advertised except for the special lecture of Professor Penelope Corfield on Thursday evening. It was cancelled because of her illness, but Corfield san sent her best wishes to the conference saying she would be thinking of us all. After the three-day excitement of scholarly and friendly exchanges, the plenary conference ended on Friday afternoon, the 12th, with closing remarks by Professors David Bates and Kazuhiko Kondo. Some of the audience came from several parts of the British Isles, Korea and other parts of the Pacific, and the rest from all parts of the Japanese Archipelago. The final tally of participants amounted to 107. On Saturday, 13th the conference divided into several seminars/workshops held in different parts of Japan.

The papers published in these proceedings incorporate some revisions and additions as made necessary by discussions at the conference. The editor has made minimal, technical modifications to the manuscripts submitted, but the ultimate merit of and responsibility for each paper lies with its author. The editorship was assisted by the cooperation of Professor Anthony Jenkins and Ms Satomi Ohashi.

The conference was supported financially by the Japan Foundation, the Ministry of Education and Science via Osaka University of Foreign Studies, and Interface Humanities: The 21st Century COE Programme of Osaka University. The publication of the proceedings is supported by the Grant-in-Aid of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciences (JSPS). Many thanks to them all. This being said, I have to emphasize that the success of the conference was not realized through money alone. It was supported, of course, by the full exploitation of email and Internet facilities. But, the last and foremost element of its success lies in friendship. This fruitful conference was realized through profiting much from the international camaraderie which has been built up over decades between the historians of the UK and Japan, and friendship between the west and east of this country.

This synergic conference was well worth the efforts we had made. However, we will not be content with the present but will look proactively toward the future: the future of historical studies in the two countries, and future historical exchanges between the two countries. The AJC is and will be the epicentre.

Kazuhiko KONDO, chairman of the committee


Foreword by Kazuhiko Kondo (University of Tokyo)
Opening Addresses by Patrick O'Brien (LSE) & Minoru Kawakita (Osaka University)
Session 1 Anglo-Norman Realm chaired by Keizo Asaji (Kansai University)
David Bates (University of Glasgow)
Writing a New Biography of William the Conqueror
Respondents: Kenji Yoshitake (Keio University) & Hiroshi Takayama (University of Tokyo)
Session 2 Seventeenth-Century Britain chaired by Kazuhiko Kondo
John Morrill (University of Cambridge)
Rethinking Revolution in Seventeenth-century Britain
Respondents: Minoru Kawakita, Rie Tomita (Tokai Women's University) & Shunsuke Katsuta (Gifu University)
Session 3 The Long Eighteenth Century chaired by Yasushi Aoki (Rikkyo University)
Joanna Innes (University of Oxford)
Parliament and the Reshaping of English Social Policy 1780-1830
Respondents: Shin Matsuzono (Waseda University), Chikashi Sakashita (Tokyo Women's Christian University) & Akio Kawashima (Kyoto University)
Session 4 Social and Political Thought chaired by Toshio Kusamitsu (University of Tokyo)
Gareth Stedman Jones (University of Cambridge)
Millennium and Enlightenment: Robert Owen and the Second Coming of the Truth
Respondents: Chushichi Tsuzuki (Hitotsubashi University) & Masaaki Mitsunaga (Kobe City University of Foreign Studies)
Session 5 The State and Welfare in the Twentieth Century chaired by Takao Matsumura (Keio University)
Pat Thane (University of London)
After the Vote was Won: Women and the State in Britain since 1918
Martin Daunton (University of Cambridge)
The British State and the Global Economy, c.1870-1951
Respondents: Nobuko Okuda (Nagoya City University) & Shinichi Takagami (Osaka Sangyo University)
Session 6 Imperial History: New Perspectives
Part I: Chaired by Shigeru Akita (Osaka University of Foreign Studies)
Andrew Porter (King's College London)
Religion and Empire: British Missions since c.1750
Respondents: Takao Fujikawa (Osaka University) & Yoko Namikawa (Kobe City University of Foreign Studies)
Part II: Chaired by Yoichi Kibata (University of Tokyo)
Judith Brown (University of Oxford)
British Society and Decolonisation: Adjusting to the End of Empire
Respondent: Yumiko Hamai (Hokkaido University)